Entendiendo el consenso en la profesión económica en México (Understanding the consensus in the economic profession in Mexico)

  • Jorge L. Andere Comisión Federal de Competencia
  • Jorge Luis Canché Escamilla Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán-Facultad de Economía
Palabras clave: economistas, consenso, política económica, pensamiento económico, metodología, economists, consensus, economic policy, economic thought, methodology.

Resumen

En este trabajo se explora el consenso en grupos de una población definida de académicos de la Ciencia Económica en México, en proposiciones sobre opiniones económicas, aspectos científicos de la Economía y supuestos económicos. Se aplicaron procedimientos para determinar el consenso al interior y entre grupos, cuyos resultados indican que los encuestados que consideran que los economistas concuerdan en los asuntos fundamentales, tienden a exhibir mayores grados de consenso y ser más favorables a una economía abierta y a la Economía Neoclásica, que aquéllos que no creen en la existencia de dicho acuerdo.
Los integrantes de ambos grupos apoyan políticas gubernamentales de intervención en la economía, pero de tipo diferente.

JEL: A11, A14, A20

 

Abstract


In this paper, we explore consensus on economic opinions, economics’ scientific aspects, and economics assumptions, in groups of a well-defined population of economics academiccommunity in Mexico. We apply procedures to determine consensus within and between groups. Outcomes indicate that surveyed individuals which consider economists agree on fundamental issues tend to exhibit both higher degrees of consensus as more favorable views towards open economy and neoclassical economics, than those which do not consider economists agree on fundamental issues. Members of both groups support state interventions in the economy, but of a different kind.

JEL: A11, A14, A20

Biografía del autor

Jorge L. Andere, Comisión Federal de Competencia
Comisión Federal de Competencia
Jorge Luis Canché Escamilla, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán-Facultad de Economía
Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán-Facultad de Economía

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Publicado
2019-05-30